Biology

Plant in test tube

S1/S2 General Science

In S1 /S2 Science, pupils have the opportunity to study topics which incorporate all the discrete Sciences and give them experiences which build on their work from primary school and prepare them for entering the senior phase.

In S1 they study 6 topics which form an all round general knowledge of Biology, Chemistry & Physics and this includes topics such as: -

  • Cells & Microbes – Learning about cell structure and the different types of cells that exist.
  • The Chemical World – Pupils learn about non-living matter and the particle arrangement, and how chemical substances move between the 3 states of matter.
  • Energy – Looks at the different forms of energy and their application in the real world.

In S2, pupils study a further 6 topics which include: -

  • The Body Systems – looking at cell function within a variety of body systems such as the respiratory, cardiovascular and digestive systems.
  • Atoms & The Periodic Table – looking at elements and their properties and at their atomic structure.
  • Forces & Space – looking at what a force is and how you measure it and also how these forces relate to other planets in our solar system.

These S2 topics are progressive from the work covered during S1 and allow pupils to achieve an ongoing knowledge of Science which will prepare them for studying one or more Sciences in their third year.

National Courses

At National 3/4/5 level, pupils will follow a course that is developed from concepts introduced during S1/2 and for Biology this focuses on 3 main topics which are: -

  • Cell Biology

The Unit covers the key areas of: cell structure; transport across cell membranes; producing new cells; DNA and the production of proteins; proteins and enzymes; genetic engineering; photosynthesis and respiration.

  • Multicellular Organisms

The Unit covers the key areas of: cells, tissues and organs; stem cells and meristems; control and communication; reproduction; variation and inheritance; the need for transport; and effects of lifestyle choices on animal transport and exchange systems.

  • Life on Earth

The Unit covers the key areas of: biodiversity and the distribution of life; energy in ecosystems; sampling techniques and measurement of abiotic and biotic factors; adaptation, natural selection and the evolution of species; and human impact on the environment.

The general aim of these units is to develop skills of scientific inquiry, investigation and analytical thinking, along with knowledge and understanding. Learners will apply these skills when considering the application of each topic on our lives, as well as the implications on society/the environment. Learners will research issues, apply scientific skills and communicate information related to their findings, which will develop skills of scientific literacy.

Post 16 Options (S5/S6)

At S5/6 level there are a variety of courses on offer which accommodates a range of levels. We currently offer:

  • National 5 

Pupils achieving a Science at National 4 level at the end of S4 can choose to progress to the National 5 course which offers a greater depth of study in the following areas: -
 
  • Cell Biology

The Unit covers the key areas of: cell structure; transport across cell membranes; producing new cells; DNA and the production of proteins; proteins and enzymes; genetic engineering; photosynthesis and respiration.
 
  • Multicellular Organisms

The Unit covers the key areas of: cells, tissues and organs; stem cells and meristems; control and communication; reproduction; variation and inheritance; the need for transport; and effects of lifestyle choices on animal transport and exchange systems.
 
  • Life on Earth

The Unit covers the key areas of: biodiversity and the distribution of life; energy in ecosystems; sampling techniques and measurement of abiotic and biotic factors; adaptation, natural selection and the evolution of species; and human impact on the environment.

 

  • Higher Human Biology

The course provides a broad-based, integrated study of a range of biological topics which build on the concepts developed in the National 5 Biology courses. The course content considers those aspects of biological science which have more immediate relevance for the biology of the human species and the influence of humankind on the biological world.

  • Advanced Higher Biology

The course provides a broad-based, integrated study of a wide range of biological topics which build on the concepts developed in both Higher Biology and Higher Human Biology. The content of the two mandatory units reflects the importance of cell and molecular biology and environmental biology as fundamental areas of science, which form the basis for study in applied fields of biology.

The study of biology at S5/6 level contributes to the candidate’s general and vocational education through the acquisition of relevant biological knowledge and skills, and to the development of the more general attitudes and abilities related to the processes of science.